The Church Year – Unlike our yearly calendar, the church year does not begin on January 1st. The first Sunday in the Church Year is always four Sundays prior to Christmas Day and usually falls at some point in the end of November. The Church Year consists of seasons that move the church through the story of Jesus coming into the world, his life among us, his death and his Resurrection. Like spring, summer, winter and fall, each season in the church year has distinct characteristics, colors and sounds.
Frequently in Christianity a distinction is made between “liturgical” and “non-liturgical” churches based on how elaborate and/or the antiquity of the worship; in this usage, churches whose services are unscripted or improvised are called “non-liturgical”. Others object to this usage, arguing that this terminology obscures the universality of public worship as a religious phenomenon.
The term “liturgy” literally in Greek means “work of the people.”