While there are a number of people who proclaim God’s message in the Old Testament. Some prophets, like Elijah, Elisha and Samuel are included in Books of the Old Testament that focus more on historical accounts concerning the people of Israel like 1 and 2 Samuel and 1 and 2 Kings. Other prophets, like Isaiah, Jeremiah and Micah, show up in a section of the Old Testament focused on the prophets.
The story of Israel’s division into two kingdoms ultimately leads to the conquering of both kingdoms by foreign powers. The Northern Kingdom, also known as Israel or Ephraim, was conquered by the Assyrian Empire in 722 BCE. The Southern Kingdom, referred to as Judah, fell to the Babylonian Empire around 587 BCE. The Biblical version of this story begins in 1 Kings 15:29 and continues through the rest of the book.
Daniel is a book that some say belongs to apocalyptic literature. That is the book tells us about the end of time. Daniel’s ministry as a prophet began late in life. Whereas his early exploits were a matter of common knowledge within his community, these same events, with his pious reputation, served as the basis for his prophetic ministry. The recognition for his prophetic message was that of other prophets like Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel whose backgrounds were the basis for their revelations.
The Old Testament is filled with teachings and statements about the Messiah, the One who is to come who will save God’s people. According to Judaism 101, the Messiah will “be a great political leader descended from King David (Jeremiah 23:5). . . . He will be well-versed in Jewish law, and observant of its commandments (Isaiah 11:2-5). He will be a charismatic leader, inspiring others to follow his example. He will be a great military leader, who will win battles for Israel. He will be a great judge, who makes righteous decisions (Jeremiah 33:15).”